|United Federation of Planets
Vulcan has a considerably higher gravity and thinner atmosphere than Earth.
Its climate is generally harsh, with most of the surface consisting of large deserts or mountain ranges, along with scattered small seas. Desert areas are prone to large amounts of heat, light and electrical sand fire storms.
There are several tourist attractions on Vulcan, including active volcanos, ancient ruins, and lava fields.
As early as the mid-20th century the planet Vulcan had contact with the Tellarites and, covertly, with Humans. By the late 21st or early 22nd century they had established contact with the Humans, Cardassians, Klingons, Tholians and Trill, among others.
In 2152, there were over a million physicians on Vulcan.
During the mid-22nd century, the death penalty was still common practice in Vulcan courts for a small number of offenses, including treason.