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Class: M
Satellites: Luna
Native Species: Human
Location: Sol System
Alpha Quadrant
Affiliation: United Federation of Planets
Star FleetAcademy2368.jpg

Earth (or Sol III) is the third planet of the Sol system, the homeworld of Humanity, and the location of the office of the President of the United Federation of Planets. Earth is the primary planet of United Earth and the Federation's de facto capital world.

Astronomical data


A map of Earth in the 24th century




Earth as it appeared about 3.5 billion years ago

The first life was formed on Earth from a group of amino acids combined to form the first proteins approximately 3.5 billion years ago, plus or minus two eons. From this start, at least three known sentient species evolved on Earth, Human, Voth, and Humpback whales. The first two species share the basic humanoid appearance, which may be the result of the genetic seeding that occurred long ago by the first sentient species to inhabit the galaxy. Tens of millions of years prior to the development of modern man, the Voth society abandoned the Earth, thrusting itself towards the stars, leaving no apparent trace on Earth of the civilization that existed.

Earth has been the birthplace of several major religions, such as Christianity and Judaism. Some of these religions, in one form or the other, have survived to the 23rd]] and 24th century.

Earth has also been visited, observed, and occasionally manipulated during its history, prior to official first contact by the Vulcans. These include an ancient humanoid species, the Preservers, descendants of Humans abducted around 4000 BC, and Vulcans themselves, although there is still dispute about this as there is no proof or evidence offered by the Vulcan High Command. The Humpback whales were being observed by an unknown entity, who upon loss of contact with the species, sent a probe to investigate the absence of whale song. The visit by this probe almost resulted in the end of life on Earth, but this was avoided thanks to the heroic actions of then Admiral James T. Kirk and his crew in 2286.

See also: Distant Origin theory, HMS Bounty, Human history

It is also possible that the genetic similarities between Humans and Voth were a result of the DNA seeding performed by the ancient humanoid race encountered by the crew of the USS Enterprise NCC-1701-D

Attacks on Earth

During its long history, the existence of the planet has been threatened by both natural disasters and actions of alien intelligences.

  • In 2153, Earth was preemptively attacked by the Xindi, who were unwittingly helping a faction fighting the Temporal Cold War. Using a smaller, prototype version of the planned Xindi superweapon, the weapon destroyed a section of the planet stretching from Florida to Venezuela, killing seven million people.
  • In 2154, a working version of the Xindi superweapon was destroyed by Captain Jonathan Archer of the NX class Enterprise before it entered Earth orbit.
Earth of an alternate timeline, moments before exploding
In an alternate timeline where Jonathan Archer's brain was infected by interspatial parasites, Earth was destroyed by the Xindi superweapon in 2154.
  • In 2272, a massive machine lifeform called V'Ger threatened to destroy all biological life on Earth if its demands were not met. The attack was narrowly averted by the USS Enterprise NCC-1701.
  • In 2286, an alien probe of unknown origin wreaked ecological havoc while trying to contact an extinct species of Humpback whale by transmitting massive amounts of energy into Earth's oceans.
  • In 2367, a Borg cube entered Earth orbit but was stopped by the USS Enterprise NCC-1701-D, moments before it could attack the planet.
  • In 2373, a second Borg cube attacked Earth and was destroyed in orbit by a Star Fleet armada. As the cube exploded, a Borg sphere escaped from within the craft and subsequently traveled into the past, where its complement of Borg drones attempted to prevent Humanity's First Contact with Vulcans in 2063.
Borg-assimilated Earth in the year 2373 of an alternate timeline
In an alternate timeline, the Borg were successful at preventing First Contact and had no problem assimilating Earth. The Enterprise-E was the only ship to be aware of the original timeline, being protected by the temporal wake of the Borg sphere. Assimilated Earth had an atmosphere which contained high concentrations of methane, carbon monoxide and fluorine. It had a population of approximately nine billion drones.
  • In 2375, the Borg decided to create another strategy, since all direct assaults on Earth had failed thus far. They planned to detonate a biogenic charge in Earth's atmosphere, infecting all lifeforms with nanoprobe viruses, triggering a gradual assimilation. According to the Borg Queen, half the population would be drones before the effects were discovered.
Star Fleet Headquarters on Earth, damaged after a Breen attack

Climate and geography

From at least the dawn of Humans, Earth has been a Class M world by 23rd century planetary classification standards. Since that time, Earth has had several major landmasses and a wide variety of climatic and surface conditions, ranging from tundra to desert. By the 24th century, Humans had installed a weather modification network to alter the natural weather patterns of Earth, including dissipating destructive weather phenomena such as tornadoes.

Land features, geographical markers, and formations

See also: Geopolitical Regions (Countries and States), Cities and Towns

Human-created points of interest

Related topics