Branches of Scientific Study

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Anthropology - The scientific study of the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of a species.
Archaeology - The scientific study of material remains (as fossil relics, artifacts, and monuments) of a past species life and activities.
Astronomy - The study of celestial objects (stars, nebula, galaxies, black holes, etc)that originate outside a planet's atmosphere.
Astrophysics - A branch of astronomy dealing especially with the behavior, physical properties, and dynamic processes of celestial objects and phenomena


Biochemistry - Chemistry that deals with the chemical compounds and processes occurring in organisms.
Biology - Study of living things and their vital processes.
Bionics - The application of biological methods and systems in the engineering of technology. In medicine, bionic implants differ from mechanical prostheses by mimicking the original function very closely, or even surpassing it.
Botany - A branch of biology dealing with plant life. Also known as plant science(s), phytology, or plant biology, this branch of science also covers a wide range of scientific disciplines concerned with the study of plants, algae and fungi, including structure, growth, reproduction, metabolism, development, diseases, chemical properties, and evolutionary relationships among taxonomic groups.


Chemistry - A science that deals with the composition, structure, and properties of substances and with the transformations that they undergo.
Computer Science - Study of computers, their design, and their uses for computation, data processing, and systems control, including design and development of computer hardware and software, and programming.
Cosmology - A branch of astronomy that deals with the origin, structure, and space-time relationships of the universe.
Cybernetics - The science of communications and automatic control systems in both machines and living things.
Cryptography - The study of secure communications techniques that allow only the sender and intended recipient of a message to view its contents.


Ecology - Study of the relationships between organisms and their environment.
Endocrinology - A branch of medicine concerned with the structure, function, and disorders of the endocrine glands.
Entomology - The study of insects.
Epistemology - The study or a theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge especially with reference to its limits and validity.
Ethnobotany - The scientific study of the relationships that exist between people and plants.
Etymology - The study of the history of words, their origins, and how their form and meaning have changed over time.
Eugenics - A science that deals with the improvement (as by control of mating) of hereditary qualities of a race or breed
Exobiology - The biological science concerned with living alien organisms.
Exochemistry - The science of how to perform chemical reactions and processes in space.
Exopsychology - The study of psychology dealing with new or unfamiliar humanoid minds.


Genetic Engineering - A process in which the DNA of an organism was selectively altered through artificial means.
Genitronics - A field of science that dealt with patterning energy into matter, duplicating the highly ordered genetic patterns inherent to a lifeform's cell processes.
Geography - The science that studies the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of a planet.
Geophysics - Science concerned with the physical processes, and physical properties, of the Earth, and its surrounding space environment
Geology - The science that deals with a planet's physical structure and substance, its history, and the processes that act on it.
Gravimetrics - The measurement of the strength of a gravitational field.


Logic - A science that deals with the principles and criteria of validity of inference and demonstration.


Marine Biology - The scientific study of organisms living in or dependent on the oceans.
Mathematics - The study of the measurement, properties, and relationships of quantities and sets, using numbers and symbols.
Medicine - The science and art dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention, alleviation, or cure of disease.
Metallurgy - The science of extracting, analyzing and using the properties of metals, as well as their production and purification.
Meteorology - The study of the atmosphere and its phenomena, with a focus on weather processes and forecasting.
Molecular Biology - The branch of biology that studies the structure and function of the macromolecules (e.g., proteins and nucleic acids) essential to life.


Nanotechnology - The science of manipulating materials on an atomic or molecular scale especially to build microscopic devices.
Neurobiology - The study of cells of the nervous system, and the organization of these cells into functional circuits that process information and mediate behavior.


Oceanography - A science that deals with the oceans and includes the delimitation of their extent and depth, the physics and chemistry of their waters, marine biology, and the exploitation of their resources.
Organic Chemistry - The chemistry of carbon compounds.
Ornithology - The study of birds


Paleontology - The scientific study of prehistoric life.
Physics - The branch of science concerned with the nature and properties of matter and energy.
Physiology The scientific study of function in living systems.
Planetary Science - The scientific study of planets, moons, and planetary systems.
Psychology - The scientific study of mental functions and behaviors.


Quantum Chemistry - A branch of chemistry whose primary focus is the application of quantum mechanics in physical models and experiments of chemical systems.
Quantum Mechanics - The branch of mechanics that deals with the mathematical description of the motion and interaction of subatomic particles.


Robotics - Study of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots.


Seismology - The branch of science concerned with earthquakes and related phenomena
Space Psychology - A branch of psychology that studies the patterns that develop in the close quarters of a starship during long voyages in deep space.
Stellar Cartography - The science and practice of making maps and projections of space.


Temporal Mechanics - The concept of moving between different points in time in a manner analogous to moving between different points in space.
Terraforming - The process of reshaping or otherwise modifying the ecology of a planet or moon to make it more habitable for life.
Thanatology - The scientific study of death.


Volcanology - The study of volcanoes, lava, magma, and related geological phenomena.


Xenobiology - a subfield of synthetic biology, this is the study of synthesizing and manipulating biological devices and systems. It is used to describe biological systems and biochemistries that differ from the Human DNA–RNA-20 amino acid system. It also focuses on an expanded genetic code and the incorporation of non-proteinogenic amino acids into proteins.

Xenology - The scientific study of all aspects of extraterrestrial life, intelligence, and civilization.


Zoology - The branch of biology which relates to the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct.